It feels wrong not to know basic survival skills our ancestors knew. We’ve let too many fade from our collective knowledge. I try to do my part by learning outdoor skills the pioneers used, so I was thrilled to receive an antique book, Camping and Woodcraft, as a gift.
Horace Kephart wrote the first edition of his outdoor guide in 1906 and revised it in 1916. My favorite chapter of the 879-page tome is Camp Cookery, so I chose a recipe to try on a recent three-day canoe trip. Horace describes six different ways to bake bread, but one intrigued me the most for its simplicity. Here is an excerpt from the book:
Baking in the Ashes
“Build a good fire on a level bit of ground. When it has burned to coals and the ground has thoroughly heated, rake away the embers, lightly drop the loaf (of bread dough, no pan) on the hot earth, pat it smooth, rake the embers back over the loaf (some hot ashes first), and let it bake until no dough will adhere to a sliver thrust to the center of the loaf. Dirty? No it isn’t; try it.” (The italics are mine for clarification).
Here is Horace’s most basic bread recipe:
“Army Bread – This is easier to make than biscuit dough, since there is no grease to rub in, but it takes longer to bake. It keeps fresh longer than yeast bread, does not dry up in a week, nor mould, and is more wholesome than biscuit. It is the only baking powder bread I know of that is good to eat cold –– in fact, it is best that way.
1 quart flour,
1 teaspoonful salt,
1 tablespoonful sugar,
2 heaped teaspoonfuls baking powder.”
“Mix the dry ingredients thoroughly. Then stir in enough cold water (about 1 ½ pints) to make a thick batter that will pour out level. Mix rapidly with a spoon until smooth.”
Before the trip, I mixed the dry ingredients in a zip-lock bag. Fireside, I added the water and kneaded the dough in the bag and formed a ball from that. Baking takes about 40-45 minutes.
The second attempt on the canoe trip was less successful, but still good . . . a bit doughy on the inside. The difference was the depth of the hot ashes. On the canoe trip we had less firewood and less time to prepare dinner. I tried to increase the heat and hurry the baking by plopping an upside-down dutch over over the raw dough and adding coals on top of the pot. Fewer ashes resulted in a less-obvious pretzel taste.
My fellow canoe paddlers were intrigued by the baking process and devoured the crusty bread. Give ash-baking a try after your next bonfire.